Joseph L. Mankiewicz directed the first adaptation of Graham Greene's classic novel The Quiet American (1958). It was notable as being the first film made in Vietnam and starred Michael Redgrave as Thomas Fowler and Audie Murphy as The American. The location shots are well-done and the leads do an excellent job. However, the film's weaknesses lie in the adaptation screenplay. Seemingly because of cold war politics, Hollywood is not up to the task of criticizing American policy. In the novel, Fowler arranges the death of Pyle (called only The American in this film version) because of how Pyle is meddling in Vietnam's affairs and causing the deaths of innocent civilians by creating his "third force," an American-backed army to fight the Communists. Instead in the film, the romantic rivalry between The American and Fowler for Phuong was played up and this was made the cause of Fowler's act. In addition, a final scene was added in which we learn that Fowler has been fooled by the Communists into setting up The American, who is, in reality, a noble man trying to bring democracy to Indochina. Greene himself denounced the film as did Mankiewicz later in his career.