Nagisa Oshima's Cruel Story of Youth (1960) is usually seen as Oshima's cinematic breakthrough. It is a political film that makes statements about the consumer society that Japan was becoming during the economic miracle recovery of the post war years. He does this by also using the "sun tribe" film tropes like motorcycles, motorboats, and the sea side. A young girl Makoto (Miyuki Kawano) and her student boyfriend Kiyoshi (Yusuke Kawazu) set up an extortion scam where they find wealthy middle aged men who and extort money after they make passes at Makoto. Kiyoshi also has a middle aged lover who gives him money so that Makoto can have an abortion from her sister's ex-lover who does abortions on the side to make ends meet. It is a cruel and sordid tale of the frustrations of the new up and coming generation.